Research on foreign banks in Africa


Financial Performance of Foreign Banks in Developing countries: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Banking Markets. Journal of Banking and Finance. 2017 (in press) [download]


Do foreign banks perform better than domestic banks in host developing economies? Relying on financial statements and survey data I compare the performance of three different categories of foreign banks to the group of domestic banks in sub-Saharan Africa: global banks from developed countries, regional African banks and banks from non-African emerging economies. While emerging-market banks and global banks consistently outperform domestic banks, the difference is not significant for regional African banks. The higher performance of global banks and emerging-market banks is related to higher operational efficiency and lower cost of funding, while there is no strong evidence of segmentation by business segment in the loans market. Regional African banks, which started their foreign expansion more recently, are less able to generate interest income compared to domestic banks. These findings highlight the importance of taking into account foreign banks’ heterogeneity when assessing the impact of financial FDI on the host economy.

Other publications:

African Banking Groups: Recent Trends and Strategic Issues. With Jean-Philippe Stijns. In Banking in sub-Saharah Africa: Recent Trends and Digital Financial Inclusion. The European Investment Bank. 2016. [download]

Internal Capital Market Practices of Multinational Banks: Evidence from South Africa. Making Finance Work for Africa. Working Paper Series. Issue 2. December 2015. [download]